Oct. 21 — Hurricane Epsilon continued to move away from Bermuda early Friday after passing well east of the island the night prior.
Epsilon had rapidly strengthened into a major hurricane on Wednesday, though weakened a bit the next day as it crept toward Bermuda, which was forecast to experience tropical storm conditions.
In its 5 a.m. EDT Friday update, the National Hurricane Center said Epsilon weakened to a Category 1 hurricane, with 85 mph maximum sustained winds. The storm was 310 miles east-northeast of Bermuda and was moving north at 7 mph.
Forecasters said the storm will increase in forward speed through to early Saturday and is expected to continue to move away from Bermuda.
“Some fluctuations in strength could occur for the next day or so before gradual weakening begins on Saturday,” it said.
The Bermuda Weather Service has discontinued its tropical storm watch though the NHC warned large swells generated by the system will affect the island, the Bahamas, the Greater Antilles, the Leeward Islands and the east coast of the United States and Canada over the next few days.
“These swells are likely to cause life-threatening surf and rip current conditions,” the advisory said.
The 26th storm of the 2020 Atlantic hurricane season strengthened into a hurricane on Tuesday night and continued to rapidly intensify throughout the remainder of the night and early on Wednesday.
On Wednesday afternoon, it became just the fourth major hurricane of the season when its maximum sustained winds peaked at 115 mph. Hurricane-force winds extended outward from the storm’s center by about 25 miles, but tropical-storm force winds extended even farther out from the center at about 310 miles.
“By definition, Epsilon rapidly intensified, its intensity increased more than 30 kt [35 mph] during the past 24 hours,” the NHC said in its 5 a.m. EDT Wednesday advisory when winds had picked up to 85 mph.
The hurricane’s well-defined eye become less visible on satellite images early on Thursday as it churned miles east-southeast of Bermuda.
On Wednesday afternoon, the Hurricane Hunters flew a mission through Epsilon to gather data about the storm and flew right through the hurricane’s eye.
For only the second time in recorded history, the Atlantic Basin spawned a storm named Epsilon on Monday, within just three hours after it developed into a tropical depression.
The only other Epsilon in history was an unusually late storm, and it formed just before the official end of hurricane season on Nov. 30 in the open Atlantic Ocean on Nov. 29, 2005. It went on to strengthen into Hurricane Epsilon on Dec. 2. By the time winds subsided back below hurricane strength on Dec. 7, it had become the longest-lived December hurricane on record.
The formation of Epsilon brought this season even closer to the record of 28 named storms set in 2005 — the only other year to use the Greek alphabet to name storms. Epsilon is the 10th hurricane to develop in the basin this season.
Epsilon formed in 2020 over a month earlier than the previous record holder. Now, only one Greek letter, Zeta, that has been used before to name a tropical system will remain on the list for the next tropical storm that brews. After that, should storms continue to form through the end of the year, it would be uncharted territory.
AccuWeather is rating Epsilon less than one on the AccuWeather RealImpact Scale for Hurricanes for Bermuda. The scale was created by the company in 2019 to offer a more comprehensive outlook for tropical storm and hurricane impacts than the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.
The current forecast would bring a glancing blow to the nation, with tropical-storm-force winds (39-73 mph), gusts and occasional downpours from the outer bands of the system.
“In this scenario, damage and adverse impacts would likely be isolated, but some downed tree limbs and power lines as well as localized street and poor drainage flooding would remain possible,” AccuWeather senior meteorologist Rob Miller said.
However, AccuWeather meteorologists warn that residents should still prepare for the worst.
Back in mid-September, Hurricane Paulette ended up making a direct hit on the island as a Category 1 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale. Paulette became the first storm to make landfall in Bermuda since Hurricane Gonzalo on Oct.17, 2014.
Paulette ended up causing an island-wide power outags and disruptions to commerce and government that lasted for days.
“For a small island like Bermuda out in the middle of the ocean, small changes in the track, size and intensity of a storm can all have a big effect on the impacts,” Miller said.
“The time to make preparations is now, before you realize a dangerous storm is in fact bearing down on you and it’s too late.”
The fall of 2014 was also the last and only time that Bermuda endured two direct hits from hurricanes in the same season, when Hurricane Fay made landfall in Bermuda less than a week before Gonzalo.